7 “Do not judge, or you too will be judged. 2 For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.
3 “Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? 4 How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when all the time there is a plank in your own eye? 5 You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.
6 “Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.
Ask, Seek, Knock
7 “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who asks receives; the one who seeks finds; and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened.
Do not judge!…
Saint John Chrysostom, Homilies at Matthew, Homily XXIII, I, in Church Fathers and Writers (1994), vol. 23, pp. 292-293
`What ? Must we not rebuke those who sin ?`
Saint Paul says the same thing, but it is better said that Christ says through him as follows:Why do you judge your brother? Why do you defame your brother (Romans 14, 10) and: Who are you to judge someone else’s servant? (Romans 14, 4); and again: Therefore judge nothing before the appointed time; wait until the Lord comes. (I Corinthians 4, 5). But why in other places Saint Paul says: `correct, rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction. (II Timothy 4, 2), and: `But those who are sinning you are to reprove before everyone` (I Timothy 5, 20); and Christ tells Saint Peter: “If your brother or sister[b] sins,[c] go and point out their fault, just between the two of you. If they listen to you, you have won them over. 16 But if they will not listen, take one or two others along, so that ‘every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.’[d] 17 If they still refuse to listen, tell it to the church.` (Matthew 18, 15-17).
If the Lord commanded us not to judge, why then He appointed so many people to judge and not only to judge but also to punish? He commanded to consider a pagan and a publican anyone who doesn`t listen of any of them (Matthew 18, 17).
Why did He give the keys to His disciples? If the Apostles did not judge, they would not have any authority; they received in vain the power to tie and untie. Said otherwise: if the world were ruled by this law not to be judged anyone then all the order would be destroyed in the Church in cities and homes. If the master did not judge the servant, if the mistress did not judge the maid, if the father did not judge his son, if the friend did not judge his friend, then malice would spread more. Byt why do I say the friend to judge his friend? If we did not judge the enemies nobody would ever stop enmity and everything would turn upside down.
So what meaning have the words : Do not judge so that you may not be judged ?
(…) In my opinion here Christ doesn`t command us not to judge at all any sin nor does He stop us to do this, only stops those who being with countless sins attack others with occasional sins
I think that Christ hints at Jews as well as they were severe accusers of their fellows for small and insignificant mistakes although they committed without caring great sins.